Oligospermia is a condition when sperm in semen that is excreted in the ejaculation of a small number. Oligospermia can be the main cause of infertility in men. Therefore, this condition needs to be addressed to enlarge the chances of having offspring.
A man is said to experience oligospermia when the total of the sperm is less than 15 million per 1 ml of semen. If this is the case, her chances of having a child will decline.
Oligospermia has a degree of severity, and this degree determines the level of male fertility. The lighter the degree, the greater the likelihood that men have children.
Here are the degree-degrees Oligospermia:
- Mild oligospermia, when the sperm count is 10 – 15 million per ml
- Moderate Oligospermia, when sperm count of 5 – 10 million per ml
- Severe oligospermia, when the sperm count is 0 – 5 million per ml
Various causes of Oligospermia
There are 3 factors that can cause oligospermia, that is, medical, environmental, and lifestyle factors. For more details, see the following description.
Some of the medical factors that can cause oligospermia are:
- Varikokel or enlarged vein blood vessels in the penis bag. This condition can affect testicular temperature control, so that when the testicular temperature increases, the quality and amount of sperm decreases.
- Problems with erection or ejaculation, such as premature ejaculation or retrograde ejaculation, i.e. the condition when the semen even enters into the bladder instead of to the outside of the penis during ejaculation
- Sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea and HIV
- Tumors, both benign and malignant. This condition can affect the hormones that regulate sperm production, so that the sperm count becomes less
- Genetic disorders, such as Klinefelter syndrome, cystic fibrosis, Kallmann’s syndrome, and Kartagener syndrome
- Use of drugs, such as testosterone therapy, use of anabolic steroids, chemotherapy, and some antifungal drugs and antibiotics
- Post-operative effects of vasectomy, inguinal hernia, prostate surgery, scrotum, or testes
- Other medical conditions, such as hormonal imbalance, celiac disease, chromosomal disorders, and defects in the tubule
Some environmental factors that can cause oligospermia are:
- Exposure to heavy metals and industrial chemicals, such as benzene, toluene, xylene, pesticides, organic solvents, and herbicides
- High exposure to radiation or X-ray inspection
Some lifestyle factors that can cause oligospermia are:
- Abuse of NAPZA, such as cannabis and cocaine
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages
- Prolonged emotional stress and depression
- Use of the sauna or hot tub which is too often
- Excess weight or obesity
- Sitting too long, the use of tight clothes, and working while holding my laptop. These three can also increase the temperature of the scrotum, so that it can cause oligospermia
How to Overcome Oligospermia
Oligospermia can be resolved depending on underlying causes. The aim of treatment is to increase sperm count and quality, thereby enlarging the chances of sufferers to have offspring.
Here are some of the types of oligospermia treatment you need to know:
1. Handling Sexual problems
Oligospermia caused by sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation, can be corrected by treatment, counseling, or a combination of both.
2. Infection Management
The use of antibiotics can overcome infections of the reproductive tract causing oligospermia. Keep in mind that antibiotics can not increase fertility if the damage caused by the infection is permanent.
3. Drugs and Hormonal therapies
The doctor may recommend drugs and hormonal therapies if oligospermia is caused by an imbalance of hormone levels.
4. Operation Action
Surgical action can overcome oligospermia caused by Varicococcor deadlock of the channel that is passed by the sperm. If the sperm content is very low, sperm intake directly for artificial insemination or infant tubes can also be done with surgery.
If you are experiencing oligospermia, but want to increase chances of pregnancy, you can give the sex every day or 2 days, or schedule sex intercourse according to the date of wife fertility. Also avoid using lubricants as it can interfere with the movement of the sperm.
The important thing that must not be forgotten also is to start living a healthy lifestyle by meeting balanced nutritional intake, exercise regularly, reduce consumption of alcoholic beverages, and quit smoking.
Some supplements, such as ginseng, folic acid, and black cumin, are believed to improve the quality and sperm count. So, you can try taking these supplements. However, it would be good if you consult a doctor first.
If you and your spouse have long tried to have a child but do not succeed, one of the possibilities is oligospermia. This condition can be found with a simple examination and quite easy.
So, do not hesitate to have yourself and your spouse checked in to the doctor. When consulting, you can ask roughly what causes your oligospermia and what tips you can do to increase your sperm count and enlarge your chances of pregnancy.